Tripartite Agreement 1974

The Delhi Agreement was a trilateral agreement signed on 28 August 1973 between India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. and only ratified by India and Pakistan. [1] It allowed the repatriation of prisoners of war and interned officials held in the three countries after Bangladesh`s war of liberation in 1971. The agreement was criticized because Pakistan did not repatriate Urdu spokesmen to Bangladesh and failed to bring to justice 195 high-ranking military personnel accused of being admitted to the war. [2] Repatriation was an important step in reconciliation between Bangladesh and Pakistan. The two countries began diplomatic relations in 1974. In Bangladesh, many repatriated officials have been reported. Judge Abdus Sattar, Bangladesh`s 9th President, was a remarkable example. Many repatriated military personnel served in the leadership of Bangladesh`s armed forces, including Rear Admiral Mahbub Ali Khan and Lieutenant-General Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman. The Delhi Agreement is available from K.P.Misra, “Totalitarianism in South Asian Survey,” VolXiV, No.7 July 1974. A. Dirk Moses, War Crimes/Genocide Trials for Pakistani Soldiers in Bangladesh, 1971-1974, the United Nations, Humanitarianism, and Human Rights, 2010. Although the agreement called for the repatriation of Russian-speaking biharis to Bangladesh, the Pakistani government withdrew its promise to relocate the Community to Pakistan.

[6] This led to the stateless Pakistani community stranded in Bangladesh. The Minister of Justice stressed that Pakistan had refused to take back its failed citizens, which is now contrary to the agreement. Islamabad had issued a press release on the 1974 tripartite agreement after the execution of war criminal Motiur Rahman Nizami on May 11. Read also: China gives Pakistan $1.5 billion credit to pay down Saudi Arabia`s debt After long, stressful negotiations over prisoners of war, Bangladesh finally signed a tripartite agreement in Delhi in April 1974 in which Bangladesh stated that “given the Appeal by the Prime Minister of Pakistan to the Bangladeshi people to forgive and forget the mistakes of the past”, Bangladesh has decided not to pursue the trials as an act of leniency. “According to a law, the agreement is annulled if part of an agreement does not fulfill the condition,” the Daily Star Huq quoted after discussing a program at the Bilia Auditorium in Dhanmondi, Dhaka. Read also – Two Pakistani intruders shot dead by BSF at the Attari border in Punjab Among the PoWs, 195 Pakistani military officers detained in India have been identified as the main war crimes suspects. Pakistan insisted that they be released as one of its main demands. She urged several Muslim countries to refuse recognition of Bangladesh until the release of the 195 officers.

[7] India preferred their repatriation to Pakistan. In the text of the agreement, Bangladesh`s Foreign Minister Kamal Hossain said that: Dhaka, May 14: Bangladeshi Law MinisterAnisul Huq said Saturday that the 1974 tripartite agreement is no longer valid because Pakistan violates the agreement by not returning their stranded citizens from the country. Read also – PUBG Mobile: list of countries where mobile gaming was banned in 2020 Howard S. Levie, “The Indo-Pakistani Agreement of August 28, 1973” The American Journal of International Law, Vol. 68, No. 1 (Jan., 1974). But Bangladesh reached the agreement because Pakistan held 203 Bangladeshi officials hostage for its 195 high-ranking officers. It also made the repatriation of four Lakh-Bangladeshis uncertain and imposed strong international pressure on Bangladesh. The 195 Pakistani soldiers against whom Bangladesh had gathered concrete evidence of genocide can still be charged at the International Criminal Court in The Hague, regardless of what was mentioned in the 1974 Delhi Agreement, which states that Pakistan acquitted these criminals of prosecution.

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